Flipped Fingerplan

The ‘Green Networks’ scenario within DK2050, the national project on Denmark’s transition towards a low carbon society, envisions Copenhagen 2050 as a much larger city than the one we know today. According to the scenario, there will be up to 35% more Copenhageners in 2050.

How can Copenhagen effectively respond to the challenges of a growing population, while in the same time preserving its attractiveness as a liveable world city?


Accessibility by public transport combined with proximity to recreation areas have been

the main guidelines for the development of the Copenhagen metropolitan area since the ‘Fingerplan’ from 1947, which structured the urban development in 5 ‘fingers’ along radial commuter train lines, which extended from the dense urban 'palm' fabric of central Copenhagen, with in-between green areas for recreation, forests and agriculture.

With the municipal area fully developed in 2014, and the ongoing urban densification and transformation of former industrial areas to be completed by 2030, there is an urge for identifying new expanding opportunities for urban development. Where to build?

Light Rail Loop

The recently established metro has already improved the connectivity of the metropolitan area, and the upcoming metro ring-line and light rail will further improve the accessibility, while in the same time opening up for new attractive development opportunities.

By developing a Southern and a Northern light rail ‘arm’ which cross the harbour, the whole city can be connected by a light rail loop. The new light rail loop, together with a new traffic road ring, open up for new investment possibilities along the Eastern coast of the island of Amager, while in the same time securing an infrastructural ‘lifeline’ which eschews the city centre.

From Shit Island to urban center

When the finger plan was initially conceived, the island of Amager was not included, as the infrastructure was considered inadequate for modern life.

The new infrastructure supports the development of Amager, initiated after the Second World War by its Western reclaimed area extension Kalvebod Fælled, the Ørestad and metro development started in 1992, and the latter Eastern 2-km-long artificial island extension Amager Strandpark (Amager Beach Park) started in 2004.

It transforms Amager from disconsidered dump place for Copenhagen’s litter into an attractive hotspot for urban development. From Shit Island to sustainable urban environment. From overseen periphery to new ‘palm’ center for a ‘Flipped Fingerplan’, paradoxically enabling city growth in a prime city location.

The ‘Flipped Fingerplan’

The ‘Flipped Fingerplan’ will masterplan the future urban development of Copenhagen according to well proved principles of combining effective transportation with urban development and continuous in-between green areas– with a ‘blue’ twist: Copenhagen will be enabled to grow into the Øresund Strait by means of an intelligent evolution!

As a result, Copenhagen will consolidate its position as regional centre for the larger Øresund metropolitan area spanning both Denmark and Southern Sweden.

Client: Danish Architecture Center DAC, in partnership with Realdania, along with the Danish Ministry of Culture, the Danish Ministry of Environment, the Danish Ministry of Business and Growth, and the Danish Ministry of Climate and Building, City of Copenhagen

Project support: Grundejernes Investeringsfond (Landowners’ Investment Fund), Statens Kunstfond (Danish Arts Foundation), Rambøll

Program: Scenarios for a fossil-free Denmark in 2050, development of Copenhagen as part of the Green Networks scenario

Year: 2014

Location: Copenhagen, Denmark

Team: Serban Cornea, Kristina Jordt Adsersen, Henrik Ulsfort, Marcin Kruk, Julia Berenguer, Martina Skalicka, Carina Nissen, Claudia Scappini

Collaborators: Damvad & Kairos Future (report ‘Fire veje til grøn vækst’ - 'Four roads towards green growth'), Rambøll Engineers (report 'Grader af grøn omstilling' - 'Degrees of green transition'), Pauliina Koskinen Tonboe

Status: Commission, MUTOPIA has been head of the entire architectural production, as well as co-curator along with DAC